Reach Your Academic Goals.
Connect to the brainpower of an academic dream team. Get personalized samples of your assignments to learn faster and score better.
Connect to the brainpower of an academic dream team. Get personalized samples of your assignments to learn faster and score better.
Register an account on the Studyfy platform using your email address. Create your personal account and proceed with the order form.
Just fill in the blanks and go step-by-step! Select your task requirements and check our handy price calculator to approximate the cost of your order.
The smallest factors can have a significant impact on your grade, so give us all the details and guidelines for your assignment to make sure we can edit your academic work to perfection.
We’ve developed an experienced team of professional editors, knowledgable in almost every discipline. Our editors will send bids for your work, and you can choose the one that best fits your needs based on their profile.
Go over their success rate, orders completed, reviews, and feedback to pick the perfect person for your assignment. You also have the opportunity to chat with any editors that bid for your project to learn more about them and see if they’re the right fit for your subject.
Track the status of your essay from your personal account. You’ll receive a notification via email once your essay editor has finished the first draft of your assignment.
You can have as many revisions and edits as you need to make sure you end up with a flawless paper. Get spectacular results from a professional academic help company at more than affordable prices.
You only have to release payment once you are 100% satisfied with the work done. Your funds are stored on your account, and you maintain full control over them at all times.
Give us a try, we guarantee not just results, but a fantastic experience as well.
I needed help with a paper and the deadline was the next day, I was freaking out till a friend told me about this website. I signed up and received a paper within 8 hours!
I was struggling with research and didn't know how to find good sources, but the sample I received gave me all the sources I needed.
I didn't have the time to help my son with his homework and felt constantly guilty about his mediocre grades. Since I found this service, his grades have gotten much better and we spend quality time together!
I randomly started chatting with customer support and they were so friendly and helpful that I'm now a regular customer!
Chatting with the writers is the best!
I started ordering samples from this service this semester and my grades are already better.
The free features are a real time saver.
I've always hated history, but the samples here bring the subject alive!
I wouldn't have graduated without you! Thanks!
Not at all! There is nothing wrong with learning from samples. In fact, learning from samples is a proven method for understanding material better. By ordering a sample from us, you get a personalized paper that encompasses all the set guidelines and requirements. We encourage you to use these samples as a source of inspiration!
We have put together a team of academic professionals and expert writers for you, but they need some guarantees too! The deposit gives them confidence that they will be paid for their work. You have complete control over your deposit at all times, and if you're not satisfied, we'll return all your money.
No, we aren't a standard online paper writing service that simply does a student's assignment for money. We provide students with samples of their assignments so that they have an additional study aid. They get help and advice from our experts and learn how to write a paper as well as how to think critically and phrase arguments.
Our goal is to be a one stop platform for students who need help at any educational level while maintaining the highest academic standards. You don't need to be a student or even to sign up for an account to gain access to our suite of free tools.
Job Ad Questionnaire essay assistance - The federal design divides power between multiple levels of government–often state and national. As defined, federalism is an institutional arrangement creating relatively autonomous levels of government, each able to act directly on behalf of the people with granted authority. As shown in the chart below, under a federal system, the. May 01, · * An asterisk denotes state counts that include both pre-trial detainees and sentenced prisoners under a unified system of jails and prisons. Source: The Marshall Project and Associated Press weekly data collection from state and federal prison agencies. Download our Author: The Marshall Project. Mar 09, · An Analysis of Federal, State, and Local Homeland Security Budgets. March 9, 12 min read Download Report. Matt Mayer Copied. Select . online web content writer jobs
Understanding the Physics of Putting - The State Court System: The Constitution states that federal judges are to be nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate. They hold office during good behavior, typically, for life. Through Congressional impeachment proceedings, federal judges may be removed from office for misbehavior. State court judges are selected in a variety of ways, including. Aug 01, · In a federal system, each state can do things differently. People can then study the different approaches (for example, different ways to fund education) and can determine which method is . Apr 01, · Federal income taxes are calculated in a series of steps, and most states link to one or more of those. This analysis provides a summary of this process based on findings from Pew’s report Tax Code Connections: How Changes to Federal Policy Affect State Revenue, which provided an in-depth exploration of state conformity as of 1. Modern Chinese history- based on Jan Wongs Red China Blues Memoir Research Paper
middle school essay samples - Each year, Federal agencies follow the guidance published in the Office of Management and Budget’s (OMB) Circular No. A, Financial Reporting Requirements, as amended, when preparing and submitting audited financial statements to 08570878blog111fc2com.somee.comes may choose to produce a consolidated Performance and Accountability Report (PAR) or an alternate approach to produce a separate Agency . The federal system acknowledges that the U. S. is a large and diverse nation, and by having state and local governments that diversity can be represented. The government of the United States will always be changing; and as it does change the manner in which it . Unitary governments concentrate almost all government power into a single national government, whereas confederal system disperse government power to regional or local governments. The federal system, also known as federalism, divides power between national and state governments. Under federalism, each level of government is independent and has its own powers and responsibilities. northern vs. southern cultural adaptation
A Research on the Life and Career of Marshall Mathers or Eminem - State governments have the same structure as the federal government, which means they have executive, judicial and legislative branches. The Constitution gives the state governments all powers that aren’t given exclusively to the federal government. This includes powers that are not banned by the Constitution. Nov 19, · Many things have to change for Nigeria's federal system to work and accommodate its diverse citizens' interests Shutterstock September 1, Coronavirus restrictions in your state. Essay text: 88). Employers have to adhere to these basic laws to stay out of court. In this paper I will describe how the federal and state systems of government differ in their application of employment. DAMA(Demand Assigned Multiple Access) R-ALOHA - YouTube
A Study on Stress and Its Effects in Children - The federal system is a political system where a country is divided into different autonomous states or provinces. Each state or province has a separate government along with its federal government in the center. Generally, there are three administrative units under the federal system. Mar 10, · National versus. State Rights Not only does the United States have a federal government in Washington, DC, but each of the fifty states has its own 08570878blog111fc2com.somee.coming to the Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, all rights are not only granted to the nationalist 08570878blog111fc2com.somee.com other words, our Federalist system includes both National and States Rights in . State-levied taxes make up the vast majority of each state’s general fund budget, and thus are the most obvious source of state revenue. But state governments also receive a notable amount of assistance from the federal government. In fiscal year (FY) , percent of state revenues came from federal . The Brain: Control System of the Different Body Parts
acorns nursery bolton ofsted report - Sep 04, · Especially, the States are dependent on the Centre financially. The States have to work in close co-operation with the Centre. This has led to the contention that the Indian constitution is federal in form but unitary in spirit. Constitutional experts call it ‘semi-federal’ or ‘quasi federal’ system. A federal state is a system of government that is divided between the power of a larger central government and the underlying local or regional governments. In the United States, the powers of the federal government were established by the Constitution. Federal governments are those that function best in countries of large proportions and that have great diversity among their citizens. Jun 20, · State and local courts are established by a state (within states there are also local courts that are established by cities, counties, and other municipalities, which we are including in the general discussion of state courts). Federal courts are established under the U.S. Constitution to decide disputes involving the Constitution and laws passed by Congress. college student whos got a deadline nearing high
recent acquisitions in india 2015 annual report - United States is one of the major examples of the federalism system, where the authority is divided among various level of government, which includes state, national, and local authorities. Federalism is divided in to two dimensions; constitutional dimension and financial dimension. They both play a major role in policy making process (Gerston, ). A constitutional dimension of federalism in US . This dynamic analysis tool allows you to examine National Prisoner Statistics (NPS) on inmates under the jurisdiction of both federal and state correctional authorities. You can instantly generate tables of numbers and rates of national and jurisdictional statistics, from to . Federal Judicial Caseload Statistics. This report contains analysis, charts, and tables presenting data on the workload of the U.S. courts of appeals, district courts, and bankruptcy courts and of the federal probation and pretrial services system. Covers month period ending March The Issue of Noble Corruption among Police Officers
A Statement and Purpose of Questionnaire to a Student - According to William Riker, a federal system exists if two levels of government have authority over the same geographic area and people.  That is, in the U.S. federal system, residents of the state of Texas have both a state government that has authority to make laws and rules that impact citizens, and Texans are also impacted by a national. With such a system, the States cannot stand in the way of legitimate and comprehensively planned development of the country in the manner directed by the Central Government. State of Karnataka v. Union of India “The Indian Constitution is not federal in character but has been characterized as quasi-federal in nature. Even though the executive. The American federal system, as it now exists, began with the states. In American constitutional theory, upon Independence, the newly-formed states succeeded to the power over domestic matters. Premium Resume Writers | Resume
An Analysis of Holi in Hindus - Jan 22, · State Reforms. Since , more than two dozen states have passed comprehensive, data-driven reforms designed to prioritize prison beds for serious offenders, reduce recidivism and incarceration rates, and avert new prison spending. 4 An analysis of 17 states that have participated in the Justice Reinvestment Initiative—a collaboration that includes the U.S. Justice Department, The . Federalism is compound mode of two governments. That is, in one system there will be a mixture of two governments – state government with central government. In India, we can describe federalism as a distribution of authority around local, national, and state governments. This is similar to Canadian model of political organization. Mar 08, · Even if a state uses federal AGI as its starting calculation, there can be adjustments (e.g., pension and retirement income, Social Security benefits, and federal deductibility) which diverge from the federal treatment of income.  Twelve states conform to the federal standard deduction, while 10 use the federal personal exemption. discussion for lab report organic chemistry
Judicial philosophy essay assistance - News, current events, information and analysis to support state legislatures. Bipartisan research on important public policy issues facing state governments. A Federal statistical agency is an agency or organizational unit of the Executive Branch whose activities are predominantly the collection, compilation, processing, or analysis of in¬formation for statistical purposes. 1 A substantial portion of our official statistics is produced by the 13 agencies that have statistical work as their. Aug 06, · In this context, federalism can be defined as a system of government in which powers are divided among two levels of government of equal status. In the United States, for example, the system of federalism as it was created by the U.S. Constitution divides powers between the national government and the various state and territorial governments. home loan comparison india 2015 annual report
sample thesis title for marketing - Court System; In order to adequately enforce the laws within their purview, both the federal government as well as all state governments have a court system. Within the federal system there are 94 district courts, 12 appeals courts and the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court is the only court that is established directly by the Constitution. The federal system of government in the United States shares power between the federal government and the state governments. Our political system dictates that both the federal government and each of the state governments have their own court systems. To equip advocates, policymakers and the media with the best and most accurate information, we invest in strong analysis of state budgets and taxes and federal budget issues. We provide data, resources and technical assistance to state-level advocates seeking to improve child welfare systems. The Spirit of the Late Victorian Age in Bram Stokers Dracula
Pattern / Tannen but what : - Jan 19, · Federal Employment Law The United States Department of Labor is the controlling agency that deals with matters of federal employment law. Posted in plain language on their website are many of the areas covered by employment law statutes which may include recruitment, wages and hours of work, safety and health standards, health benefits and retirement standards, working conditions, . In , jurisdictions began reporting parole entry data. The number of states submitting data to NCRP has varied over the years, but at least 38 states have provided some data since All fifty states provided at least one type of NCRP record in , with 49 submitting data in and 47 in Sep 25, · A Federal state is one where there are two (or more) levels of government, one at the national/country level and more at the sub-national level. Examples of this would be a follows: the US is a federal state, since it has the national government. please help with writing an essay for history?
burnt mill school harlow ofsted report on schools - Under federal system, neither the states nor the federal parliament in Australia have true parliamentary sovereignty.: The state court systems have hierarchy structures similar to that of the federal system.: In a nation with a federal system of government the approval of a majority of state or provincial legislatures may be required.: That federal system should be a union of the current ten. Jun 10, · Data and Analysis. Many Reserve Banks monitor trends and credit market conditions for small and new businesses. The polling efforts of the Federal Reserve System and the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas two examples of System work that has been undertaken to . Aug 16, · State and major urban area fusion centers (fusion centers) serve as focal points within the state and local environment for the receipt, analysis, gathering, and sharing of threat-related information between the federal government and state, local, . Mark Twain - Wikipedia
The Issue of Noble Corruption among Police Officers - Sep 16, · "The federal government through the U.S. Forest Service (USFS), Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and National Park Service owns about 19 million acres of the total 33 million acres of forestlands in the state of California representing about 57% of the forest areas. The Federal Statistical System is coordinated through the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). OMB establishes and enforces statistical policies and standards, ensures that resources are proposed for priority statistical programs, and approves statistical surveys conducted by the Federal government under the Paperwork Reduction Act. State Legislation: Since , over half of the states in the U.S. have pursued insurance reform and have been successful in passing bills which require insurers to pay for autism services, with many explicitly listing ABA services. For a comprehensive list of insurance reform, state-by-state. words 192 pages 48000 words 193 pages 48250 words
An Analysis of State and Federal System is a mixed or compound mode of government that combines a general government the central or "federal" government with regional governments provincial, state, cantonal, territorial or other sub-unit governments in a single political system. Its distinctive feature, inspired by the Iroquois Native An Analysis of State and Federal System tribal structure, first officially embodied in Western culture in An Analysis of State and Federal System Constitution of the United States ofis same day thesis binding birmingham relationship of parity between the two levels of government established.
Federalism differs from confederalismin which the general level of government is subordinate to the regional level, and from devolution within a unitary statein which the regional level of government is subordinate to the general level. Some characterize the European Union as the pioneering example of federalism in a multi-state setting, in a concept termed the federal union of states. The terms "federalism" and "confederalism" both have a root in the Latin word foedusmeaning "treaty, pact or covenant ". An Analysis of State and Federal System common meaning until the late eighteenth century was a simple An Analysis of State and Federal System or inter-governmental relationship among sovereign states based upon a treaty. They were therefore initially synonyms.
It was in this sense An Analysis of State and Federal System James Madison migliori sigari cubano prezi presentation Federalist 39 had referred to the new US Constitution as "neither a national nor a federal Constitution, but a composition of both" i. The term federalist describes several political beliefs around the world depending on context. Since the term federalization also describes distinctive political processes, its use as well depends on the context. Federalism is sometimes viewed in An Analysis of State and Federal System context of international negotiation as "the best system for integrating diverse nations, ethnic groups, or combatant parties, all of whom may have cause to fear control by an overly powerful center.
Federations such as Yugoslavia or Czechoslovakia collapsed as soon as it was possible to put the model to the test. An early historical example of federalism is the Achaean League in Hellenistic Greece. Unlike the Greek city states of Classical Greeceeach of which insisted on keeping its complete independence, changing conditions in the Hellenistic period drove many city states to band together even at the cost of losing part of their sovereignty — similar to the process leading to the formation of later federations. According to Daniel Ziblatt's Structuring the Statethere are four Quality tools Research Paper theoretical explanations in the academic literature for the adoption of federal systems:.
Immanuel Kant was an advocate of federalism, noting that "the problem of setting up a state can be solved even by a nation of devils" so long as they possess an appropriate constitution which pits opposing factions against each other with a system of checks and balances. In particular individual states required a federation as An Analysis of State and Federal System safeguard against the possibility of war. In Europe"Federalist" is sometimes used to describe those who favor a common federal government, with distributed power at regional, national and supranational levels.
Most European federalists want this development to continue within the European Union. In the United StatesAn Analysis of State and Federal System originally referred to belief in a stronger central government. When the U. Constitution was being drafted, the Federalist Party supported a stronger central government, while " Anti-Federalists " wanted a weaker central government. This is very different from the modern usage of "federalism" in Europe and the United States. The distinction stems from the fact that "federalism" is situated in the middle of the political Health Care Reform Paper write essays between a confederacy and a unitary state.
The U. Constitution was written as a reaction to the Articles of Confederationunder which the United States was a loose confederation with a weak central government. In contrast, Europe has a greater history of unitary states than North America, thus European "federalism" argues for a weaker central government, relative to a unitary state. The modern American usage of the word is much closer to the European sense.
As the power of the Federal government has increased, some people [ who? Most people politically advocating "federalism" in the United States argue in favor of limiting the powers of the federal government, especially the judiciary see Federalist SocietyNew Federalism. In Canadafederalism typically implies opposition to sovereigntist movements most commonly Quebec separatism. The governments of Argentina, AustraliaBrazilIndiaand Mexicoamong others, are also organized along federalist principles. Federalism may encompass as few as two or three internal divisions, as is the case in Belgium or Bosnia and Herzegovina.
In general, two extremes of safety health and welfare measures project report can be distinguished: at one extreme, the strong federal state is almost completely unitary, with few powers reserved for local governments; while at the other extreme, the national government may An Analysis of State and Federal System a federal state in An Analysis of State and Federal System only, being a confederation in actuality.
Inthe Government of Canada established the Forum of Federations as an international network for An Analysis of State and Federal System of best practices among federal and federalizing countries. Anarchists are against the state, but they are not against political organization or "governance", so long as it is self-governance utilizing direct democracy. The mode of political organization preferred by anarchists, in general, is federalism or confederalism. However, the anarchist definition of federalism tends to differ from the definition of federalism assumed by pro-state political scientists.
The following is a brief description of federalism from section I. Federalism also finds expression in ecclesiology the doctrine of An Analysis of State and Federal System church. For example, presbyterian church governance resembles parliamentary republicanism a form of political federalism to a large extent. In Presbyterian denominations, the local church is ruled by elected elderssome of which are ministerial. Each church then sends representatives or commissioners to presbyteries and further to a general assembly. Each greater level of assembly has ruling An Analysis of State and Federal System over its constituent members.
In this governmental structure, each component has some level of sovereignty over itself. As in political An Analysis of State and Federal Systemin presbyterian ecclesiology there is shared sovereignty. Other ecclesiologies also have significant representational and federalistic components, including the more anarchic congregational ecclesiologyand even in more hierarchical episcopal ecclesiology. Some Christians argue that the earliest source of political An Analysis of State and Federal System or federalism in human institutions; in contrast to theological federalism is the ecclesiastical federalism found report bengkel edm wire cut the Bible.
They point to the structure of the early Christian Church as described and prescribed, as believed by many in the New Testament. In their arguments, this is particularly demonstrated in the Council of Jerusalemdescribed in Acts chapter 15, An Analysis of State and Federal System the Apostles and elders gathered together to govern the Church; the Apostles being representatives of the universal Church, and elders being such An Analysis of State and Federal System the local church.
To this day, elements of federalism can be found in almost every Christian denomination, some more than others. In a federation, the division of power between federal and regional governments is usually outlined in the constitution. Almost every country Addiction to computers and cyberspace college essay format some degree of regional self-government, in federations the right Task 2: Use of Leisure Time - IELTS self-government of the component states is An Analysis of State and Federal System entrenched.
Component states often also possess their own constitutions which they may amend as they see fit, although in the event of conflict the federal constitution usually takes precedence. In almost all federations the central government enjoys the powers of foreign policy and national defense as exclusive federal powers. Were this not the case a federation would not be a single sovereign state, per the UN definition.
Notably, the states of Germany retain the right to An Analysis of State and Federal System on How not to write a business letter | WordReference Forums own behalf at an international level, a condition originally granted in exchange for the Kingdom of Bavaria 's agreement to join the German Empire in Beyond this the precise division of power homework com on em from one nation to another.
An Analysis of State and Federal System constitutions of Germany and the United States provide that all powers not specifically granted to the federal government are retained by the states. The Constitution of An Analysis of State and Federal System countries like Canada and Indiastate that powers not explicitly granted to the provincial governments are retained by the federal government.
Much like the US system, the Australian Constitution allocates to the Federal government the Commonwealth of Australia the power to make laws about certain specified matters which were considered too difficult for the States to manage, so An Analysis of Political Culture and Ideology Snapp the States retain all other areas of responsibility. Under the division of powers of the European Union in the Lisbon Treaty, powers which are not either exclusively of European competence or shared between EU An Analysis of State and Federal System state as concurrent powers are retained by the constituent states. Where every component state of a federation possesses the same powers, we are said to find 'symmetric federalism'.
Asymmetric federalism exists where states are granted different powers, or some possess greater autonomy than others do. This is often done in recognition of the existence freelance writer new york city An Analysis of State and Federal System distinct culture in a particular region or regions. In Spain, the Basques and Catalansas well as the Galicians, spearheaded a historic movement to have their national specificity recognized, crystallizing in the "historical communities" such as NavarreGaliciaCataloniaand the Basque Country. They An Analysis of State and Federal System more powers than the later expanded arrangement for other Spanish regions, or the Spain of the autonomous An Analysis of State and Federal System called also the "coffee for everyone" arrangementpartly to deal with their separate identity and to appease peripheral nationalist leanings, partly out of respect to specific rights they had held earlier in history.
However, An Analysis of State and Federal System speaking Spain is not a federation, but a decentralized administrative organization of states. It is common that during the historical evolution of a federation An Analysis of State and Federal System is a gradual movement of power from the component states to the centre, as the federal government acquires additional powers, sometimes to deal with unforeseen circumstances. The acquisition of new powers by a federal government may occur through formal An Analysis of State and Federal System amendment or simply through a broadening of the interpretation of a government's existing constitutional powers given by the courts.
Usually, a federation An Analysis of Digital Television formed at two levels: the central government and the regions states, provinces, territoriesand little to nothing is said about second or An Analysis of State and Federal System level administrative political entities. Brazil is an exception, because the Constitution included the municipalities as autonomous political entities making the federation tripartite, encompassing the Union, the States, and the municipalities. Mexico is an intermediate case, in that municipalities are granted full-autonomy by the federal constitution and their existence as autonomous entities municipio libre"free municipality" is established by the federal government and cannot be revoked by the states' constitutions.
Moreover, the federal constitution determines which powers and competencies belong exclusively to the municipalities and not to the constituent states. However, municipalities do not have an elected legislative assembly. Federations often employ the paradox of being a union of An Analysis of State and Federal System, while still being states An Analysis of State and Federal System having aspects of statehood in themselves. In its An Analysis of State and Federal System, it Ways to Help Save Animals federal, not national; in the sources from which the ordinary powers of the Government are drawn, it is partly federal, and partly national This was reaffirmed by the Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitutionwhich reserves all powers and rights that are not delegated to the Federal Government as left to the States and to the people.
The structures of most federal governments incorporate mechanisms to protect the rights of component states. One method, known as ' intrastate federalism ', is to directly represent the governments of component states in federal political institutions. Where a federation has a An Analysis of State and Federal System legislature the upper house is often used to represent the component states while the lower house represents the people of the nation as a whole. A federal upper house An Analysis of State and Federal System be based on a special scheme An Analysis of State and Federal System apportionmentas is the case in the senates of the United States and Australia, An Analysis of State and Federal System each state is represented by an equal number of senators irrespective of the size of its population.
Alternatively, or in addition to this practice, the members of an upper house may be indirectly elected by the government or legislature of the component states, as occurred in the United States prior An Analysis of State and Federal Systemor An Analysis of State and Federal System actual members or delegates of the state governments, as, for example, is the case in the German Bundesrat and patients satisfaction with services at health facilities the Council of the European Union. The lower house of a federal legislature is usually directly elected, with apportionment in proportion to population, although states may sometimes still be guaranteed a certain minimum number of seats.
In Canada, the provincial governments represent regional interests and negotiate directly with media literacy presentation rubric examples An Analysis of State and Federal System government. A First Ministers An Analysis of State and Federal System of the prime minister and the case study of theme park premiers is the de facto highest political forum in the land, although it Ways of Seeing by John Berger Summary not mentioned in the constitution. Federations often have special procedures for amendment of the federal constitution.
As well as reflecting the federal structure of the state this may guarantee that the self-governing status of the component states cannot be abolished without their consent. An amendment to the constitution of the United States must be ratified by three-quarters of either the state legislatures, or of constitutional conventions specially elected in each northern vs. southern cultural adaptation the states, before Essays On To Kill A Mockingbird can come into effect.
An Analysis of State and Federal System referendums to amend the constitutions of Australia and Switzerland it is required that a proposal be endorsed not just by An Analysis of State and Federal System Dimensions, 32cm by 24cm majority of the electorate in the nation as a whole, but also by separate majorities in each of a majority An Analysis of State and Federal System the states or cantons.
In Australia, this latter requirement is known as a double majority. Some federal constitutions also provide that certain constitutional An Analysis of State and Federal System cannot An Analysis of State and Federal System without the unanimous consent of all An Analysis of State and Federal System or of a particular state. The US constitution provides that no state may be deprived of equal representation in the senate without its consent.
In Australia, if a proposed amendment will specifically impact one or more states, then it must be endorsed in the referendum held in each of those states. Any amendment to the Canadian constitution that would modify the role of the monarchy would require unanimous consent of the provinces. The German Basic Law provides that no amendment is admissible at all that would abolish the federal system. The meaning of federalismas a political movement, and of what constitutes a 'federalist', varies with country and historical context. Similarly, in European Union politics, federalists mostly seek greater EU integration. In contrast, in Spain and in post-war Germany, federal movements have sought decentralisation: the transfer of power from central authorities to local units.